Grade 8 Courses

Grade 8 is a fully semestered program. All students take:

COMPUTER SCIENCE AND KEYBOARDING 7/8

This course is intended to give students hands on computer experience that focuses on the use of a computer as a tool for learning. Students will become aware of the “every day” use of computers through an in-depth analysis and exploration of computers in society. The course will be structured to expose students to the basics of computers without getting into in-depth technical studies. Students will learn how to use a computer through exposure to various computer software applications, including effective research tools on the Internet. The major emphasis of this course is on the development of keyboarding skills. The course is designed to build student confidence in using a computer, while developing keyboarding skills at an early age and skills, which are reflective of common uses of computers in today’s society.

ENGLISH LITERATURE 8

This course will involve creative writing, essay writing, short story and poetry reading, reading response activities and journal writing. This course is aimed at enhancing the student’s knowledge and appreciation of the literary and cultural aspects of the English language. It is designed to build upon the student’s basic language skills so as to enable them to express their feelings and opinions coherently both in formal and creative writing and in oral presentation. Students will be encouraged to read, write and think critically. Students will also examine the various media works and the techniques used in them, and create media works.

FINE ARTS 8

This course includes the study and exploration of the visual arts and dramatic arts. The visual arts component focuses on theory, art history and studio production. Studio projects will include two- and three-dimensional projects. The drama component will comprise the study of the elements of drama through creative activity. Role playing, improvisation, pantomime and movement will be explored.

FRENCH 8

Students will continue to build their knowledge of spoken French through listening, speaking, reading and writing activities. Students will be familiarized with the basic vocabulary as well as the linguistic and grammatical rules necessary for effective communication, written as well as spoken. (Prerequisite: French 7)

GEOGRAPHY 8

In this course students will build on what they have learned in earlier grades about Earth’s physical features and processes in order to explore the relationship between these features/processes and human settlement patterns around the world. They will focus on where people live and why they live there, and on the impact of human settlement and land use on the environment. They will enhance their ability to apply a geographic perspective to their investigation of issues, including issues related to human settlement and sustainability and to global development and quality of life. In addition, students will study factors that affect economic development and quality of life on a global scale and will examine responses to global inequalities. Students will be introduced to new types of maps and graphs, including choropleth maps, scatter graphs, and population pyramids, and, at the same time, will continue to develop their ability to use a variety of sources, tools, and spatial technologies to study various geographic issues.

HISTORY 8

In this course students will build on their understanding of earlier Canadian history, examining how social, political, economic, and legal changes in Canada between 1850 and 1914 affected different groups in an increasingly diverse and regionally distinct nation. They will explore experiences of and challenges facing Canadians around the beginning of the twentieth century and will compare them to those of present-day Canadians. Students will examine the internal and external forces that led to Confederation and territorial expansion and of the impact of these developments on long-time Canadians, including First Nations, as well as new immigrants. Through an examination of inequalities in the new nation, students will learn that many of the rights and freedoms we have in Canada today are the result of actions taken by people in this era to change their lives. Students will develop their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking as well as the historical inquiry process, using both primary and secondary sources to explore the perspectives of groups on issues of concern to Canadians from the mid- nineteenth century to the eve of World War I.

MATHEMATICS

The study of Mathematics in Grades 7 and 8 includes five areas: Number Sense and Numeration, Measurement, Geometry and Spatial Sense, Patterning and Algebra, and Data Management and Probability.

MATHEMATICS 8

In this course students will perform all operations with whole numbers, decimals, integers, fractions, and rational numbers. They will solve problems involving percent, rate and proportions. They will calculate perimeters and areas; do volume unit conversions; calculate area and circumference of circles, and calculate volume and surface areas of cylinders. Student will sort quadrilaterals by geometric properties; construct circles; investigate relationships among similar shapes; determine and apply angle relationships for parallel and intersecting lines; relate the numbers of faces, edges, and vertices of a polyhedron; apply the Pythagorean relationship geometrically and plot the image of a point on the coordinate plane after doing a transformation. Students will also translate statements into algebraic equations; find the term number in a pattern algebraically and solve linear equations involving one variable. Finally students will collect organize and display data using histograms and scatter plots; use measures of central tendency to compare sets of data; compare experimental and theoretical probabilities and calculate the probability of complementary events. (Prerequisite: Mathematics 7)

PHYSICAL EDUCATION

The underlying goals of the Physical and Health Education program at Metro Prep are to:

  • improve overall fitness and motor development;
  • increase motivation to be physically active; and
  • provide an enjoyable, successful experience in exercise and sport.

PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION 8

This course will provide each student with the basic skills to actively participate in various sports as well as provide health lessons designed to increase the student’s knowledge, awareness and understanding of many contemporary issues and topics. The health units include: Healthy Eating (establish goals that reflect healthy eating practices); Growth and Development (physical, emotional, interpersonal, and spiritual aspects of healthy sexuality); Personal Safety and Injury Prevention (examine violence in society, risky situations); Substance Use and Abuse (negative consequences of drug use, and ways to prevent and treat substance abuse). The physical education unit includes fundamental movement skills and active participation in such activities as basketball, floor hockey, soccer, baseball and volleyball.

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 8

This course is organized into four strands, the major areas of knowledge and skills in the curriculum. In grade eight the four strands with combined topics are:

  • Understanding Life Systems: Cells
  • Understanding Matter and Energy: Fluids
  • Understanding Structures and Mechanisms: Systems in Action
  • Understanding Earth and Space Systems: Water Systems

SPELLING AND GRAMMAR 8

The aim of this course is to provide the means that will enable the student to understand the process of writing. The student will learn to apply conventions of language in order to express ideas, feelings, and information clearly and precisely. Listening and speaking skills will also develop as the student learns to communicate more freely using bias-free language. The student will know how to direct questions and talk through ideas to clarify thinking, promote reflection, and generate ideas for written work. Spelling, grammar and composition are consistently interwoven over a five-day cycle to help the student reach his/her potential in English language skills.