Metropolitan Preparatory AcademyMetropolitan Preparatory Academy - Since 1982
Metropolitan Preparatory Academy

Landing Slideshow

Our High School

Metropolitan Preparatory Academy provides an excellent all-round academic environment for a young adult to acquire and master the skill sets of an independent learner. As students progress through our high school program, they become confident, analytical, and instilled with a passion for learning. Students graduating from Metro Prep are poised for success with the rigours of post-secondary school.

Courses for each grade are summarized below. Course selection should be made carefully. See our Planning Timetables section for details on graduation requirements, selecting courses, and understanding course codes.

In addition to academics, Metro Prep offers a wide range of great athletic and extracurricular activities for high school students.

Grade 9

Arts: Visual, Media & Dramatic

DRAMA 9, OPEN (ADA1O)

This course provides opportunities for students to explore dramatic forms and techniques, using material from a wide range of sources and cultures. Students will use the elements of drama to examine situations and issues that are relevant to their lives. Students will create, perform, discuss, and analyse drama, and then reflect on the experiences to develop an understanding of themselves, the art form, and the world around them.
(Prerequisite: None)

VISUAL ARTS 9, OPEN (AVI1O)

This course is exploratory in nature, offering an overview of visual arts as a foundation for further study. Students will become familiar with the elements and principles of design and the expressive qualities of various materials by using a range of media, processes, techniques, and styles. Students will use the creative and critical analysis processes and will interpret art within a personal, contemporary, and historical context.
(Prerequisite: None)

Business

INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN BUSINESS 9, OPEN (BTT1O)

This course introduces students to information and communication technology in a business environment and builds a foundation of digital literacy skills necessary for success in a technologically driven society. Students will develop word processing, spreadsheet, database, desktop publishing, presentation software, and website design skills. Throughout the course, there is an emphasis on digital literacy, effective electronic research and communication skills, and current issues related to the impact of information and communication technology.
(Prerequisite: None)

Canadian & World Studies: Geography

ISSUES IN CANADIAN GEOGRAPHY 9, ACADEMIC (CGC1D)

This course examines interrelationships within and between Canada’s natural and human systems and how these systems interconnect with those in other parts of the world. Students will explore environmental, economic, and social geographic issues relating to topics such as transportation options, energy choices, and urban development. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate various geographic issues and to develop possible approaches for making Canada a more sustainable place to live.
(Prerequisite: None)

English

ENGLISH 9, ACADEMIC (ENG1D)

This course is designed to develop the oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in their secondary school academic programs and in their daily lives. Students will analyse literary texts from contemporary and historical periods, interpret informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on the use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. The course is intended to prepare students for the Grade 10 academic English course, which leads to university or college preparation courses in Grades 11 and 12.
(Prerequisite: None)

Mathematics

PRINCIPLES OF MATHEMATICS 9, ACADEMIC (MPM1D)

This course enables students to develop an understanding of mathematical concepts related to algebra, analytic geometry, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will investigate relationships, which they will then generalize as equations of lines, and will determine the connections between different representations of a linear relation. They will also explore relationships that emerge from the measurement of three-dimensional figures and two-dimensional shapes. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.
(Prerequisite: None)

Modern Languages

CORE FRENCH 9, ACADEMIC (FSF1D)

This course provides opportunities for students to communicate and interact in French with increasing independence, with a focus on familiar topics related to their daily lives. Students will continue to develop language knowledge and skills by using language-learning strategies introduced in the elementary Core French program, and will apply creative and critical thinking skills in various ways. They will also enhance their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will develop the skills necessary to become life-long language learners.
(Prerequisite: Minimum of 600 hours of Elementary Core French instruction, or equivalent)

SPANISH LEVEL 1, ACADEMIC (LWSAD)

This introductory course is designed to enable students to begin to develop competence in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in Spanish Students will participate in interactive activities in which they can apply their language skills to communicate with native speakers of the language. They will explore aspects of culture in regions of the world where Spanish is spoken, including formal and informal forms of address, naming practices, family life and relationships, and celebrations.
(Prerequisite: None)

Physical & Health Education

The underlying goals of the Physical and Health Education program at Metro Prep are:

  • to improve overall fitness and motor development;
  • to increase motivation to be physically active; and
  • to provide an enjoyable, successful experience in exercise and sport.


HEALTHY AND ACTIVE LIVING EDUCATION 9, OPEN (PPL1O)

This course emphasizes students’ daily participation in a variety of enjoyable physical activities that promote lifelong healthy living. Students will learn movement techniques and principles, ways to improve personal fitness and physical competence, and safety/injury-prevention strategies. This course will provide each student with an increased knowledge of the rules and skills required for the following sports: softball, soccer, basketball, volleyball and floor hockey. The rules for each sport will be expanded upon in order that the student may have an increased understanding of the sport. Also, the required physical skills will be further introduced, practiced and used in game situations. The Health component has three major units: The use and abuse of Alcohol and Tobacco and other Drugs; Physical Fitness and Nutrition; and Healthy Sexuality (AIDS and STDs). Each unit will build on previous knowledge from Physical and Health Education 8 and provide each student with more in-depth and extensive information on current issues and topics. Students will participate in activities designed to develop goal-setting, communication and social skills.
(Prerequisite: None)

Sciences

SCIENCE 9, ACADEMIC (SNC1D)

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to relate science to technology, society, and the environment. Throughout the course, students will develop their skills in the processes of scientific investigation. Students will acquire an understanding of scientific theories and conduct investigations related to sustainable ecosystems; atomic and molecular structures and the properties of elements and compounds; the study of the universe and its properties and components; and the principles of electricity.
(Prerequisite: None)

Grade 10

Arts: Visual, Media & Dramatic

DRAMATIC ARTS/MUSIC INTEGRATED ARTS 10, OPEN (ALC2O)

This course integrates drama and music giving students the opportunity to produce and present integrated art works created individually or collaboratively. Students will demonstrate innovation as they learn and apply concepts, styles, and conventions unique to the various arts and acquire skills that are transferable beyond the classroom. Students will use the creative process and responsible practices to explore solutions to integrated arts challenges. (Prerequisite: None)

MEDIA ARTS 10, OPEN (ASM2O)

This course enables students to create media art works by exploring new media, emerging technologies such as digital animation, and a variety of traditional art forms such as film, photography, video, and visual arts. Students will acquire communications skills that are transferable beyond the media arts classroom and develop an understanding of responsible practices related to the creative process. Students will develop the skills necessary to create and interpret media art works. (Prerequisite: None)

VISUAL ARTS 10, OPEN (AVI2O)

This course enables students to develop their skills in producing and presenting art by introducing them to new ideas, materials, and processes for artistic exploration and experimentation. Students will apply the elements and principles of design when exploring the creative process. Students will use the critical analysis process to reflect on and interpret art within a personal, contemporary, and historical context. (Prerequisite: None)

Business

INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS 10, OPEN (BBI2O)

This course introduces students to the world of business. Students will develop an understanding of the functions of business, including accounting, marketing, information technology, human resources, and production, and of the importance of ethics and social responsibility. This course builds a foundation for further studies in business and helps students develop the business knowledge and skills they will need in their everyday lives. (Prerequisite: None)

Canadian & World Studies: History

CANADIAN HISTORY SINCE WORLD WAR I 10, ACADEMIC (CHC2D)

This course explores social, economic, and political developments and events and their impact on the lives of different groups in Canada since 1914. Students will examine the role of conflict and cooperation in Canadian society, Canada’s evolving role within the global community, and the impact of various individuals, organizations, and events on Canadian identity, citizenship, and heritage. They will develop their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating key issues and events in Canadian history since 1914. (Prerequisite: None)

CIVICS AND CITIZENSHIP 10, OPEN (CHV2O) * 0.5 Credit

This course explores rights and responsibilities associated with being an active citizen in a democratic society. Students will explore issues of civic importance such as healthy schools, community planning, environmental responsibility, and the influence of social media, while developing their understanding of the role of civic engagement and of political processes in the local, national, and/or global community. Students will apply the concepts of political thinking and the political inquiry process to investigate, and express informed opinions about, a range of political issues and developments that are both of significance in today’s world and of personal interest to them. (Prerequisite: None)

Computer Science

INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER STUDIES 10, OPEN (ICS2O)

This course introduces students to computer programming. Students will plan and write simple computer programs by applying fundamental programming concepts, and learn to create clear and maintainable internal documentation. They will also learn to manage a computer by studying hardware configurations, software selection, operating system functions, networking, and safe computing practices. Students will also investigate the social impact of computer technologies, and develop an understanding of environmental and ethical issues related to the use of computers. (Prerequisite: None)

English

ENGLISH 10, ACADEMIC (ENG2D)

This course is designed to extend the range of oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in their secondary school academic programs and in their daily lives. Students will analyse literary texts from contemporary and historical periods, interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on the selective use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. This course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 11 university or college preparation course. (Prerequisite: English 9, Academic or Applied)

English: Optional

ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE, LEVEL 2, OPEN (ESLBO)

This course extends students’ listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in English for everyday and academic purposes. Students will participate in conversations in structured situations on a variety of familiar and new topics; read a variety of texts designed or adapted for English language learners; expand their knowledge of English grammatical structures and sentence patterns; and link English sentences to compose paragraphs. The course also supports students’continuing adaptation to the Ontario school system by expanding their knowledge of diversity in their new province and country. (Prerequisite: ESL Level 1 or equivalent)

LITERACY SKILLS: READING AND WRITING 10, OPEN (ELS2O)

This course is designed to help students strengthen essential reading and writing skills, providing them with the extra literacy support they need in order to graduate. Students will read informational, graphic, and literary texts, with a focus on locating information, identifying main ideas and supporting details, building vocabulary, and consolidating skills in the application of key comprehension strategies. The course will also help students develop core learning strategies. (Prerequisite: English, Grade 9, Academic or Applied)

Guidance & Career Education

CAREER STUDIES 10, OPEN (GLC2O) * 0.5 Credit

This course teaches students how to develop and achieve personal goals for future learning, work and community involvement. Student will assess their interests, skills, and characteristics and investigate current economic and workplace trends, work opportunities, and ways to search for work. The course explores postsecondary learning and career options, prepares students for managing work and life transitions, and helps students focus on their goals through the development of a career plan. (Prerequisite: None)

Mathematics

PRINCIPLES OF MATHEMATICS 10, ACADEMIC (MPM2D)

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of relationships and extend their problem- solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology and abstract reasoning. Students will explore quadratic relations and their applications; solve and apply linear systems; verify properties of geometric figures using analytic geometry; and investigate the trigonometry of right and acute triangles, Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. (Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics 9, Academic)

FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS 10, APPLIED (MFM2P)

This course enables students to consolidate their understanding of linear relations and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will develop and graph equations in analytic geometry; solve and apply linear systems, using real-life examples; and explore and interpret graphs of quadratic relations. Students will investigate similar triangles, the trigonometry of right triangles, and the measurement of three-dimensional figures. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking. (Prerequisite: Grade 9 Mathematics, Academic or Applied Note: If you take this course instead of Principles of Mathematics 10 (academic) you will not have the prerequisite for Functions 11 in Grade 11. You will be able to take Functions and Applications 11 or Foundations for College Math 11.)

Modern Languages

CORE FRENCH 10, ACADEMIC (FSF2D)

This course provides opportunities for students to communicate in French about personally relevant, familiar, and academic topics in real-life situations with increasing independence. Students will exchange information, ideas, and opinions with others in guided and increasingly spontaneous spoken interactions. Students will continue to develop their language knowledge and skills through the selective use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. They will also increase their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will continue to develop the skills necessary to become life-long language learners. (Prerequisite: Grade 9 Core French, Academic or Applied)

SPANISH LEVEL 2, ACADEMIC (LWSBD)

This course enables students to develop competence in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in Spanish. Students will continue to participate in interactive activities in which they can apply and develop their language skills to communicate with native speakers of the language. They will explore aspects of culture in regions of the world where Spanish is spoken, including social customs, food, sports and leisure activities, popular festivals, and music. Although students will expand their vocabulary and knowledge of linguistic elements, the language they will use at this level will still be simple. (Prerequisite: Spanish Level 1, Academic or equivalent)

Physical & Health Education

The underlying goals of the Physical and Health Education program at Metro Prep are:
  • to improve overall fitness and motor development;
  • to increase motivation to be physically active; and
  • to provide an enjoyable, successful experience in exercise and sport.
HEALTHY ACTIVE LIVING EDUCATION 10, OPEN (PPL2O)

This course will provide each student with an increased knowledge of the rules and skills required for the following sports: softball, football, soccer, basketball, volleyball and floor hockey. The rules for each sport will be explored in depth in order that the student may have a complete understanding of the regulations and procedures of the sport. Student learning will include the application of movement principles to refine skills; participation in a variety of activities that enhance personal competence, fitness and health. The Health component has three major units: Substance Use and Abuse; Physical Fitness and Healthy Eating; and Healthy Sexuality (AIDS and STDs). Each unit will build on previous knowledge from Healthy Active Living Education 9 and provide each student with more in-depth and extensive information on current issues and topics. Student learning will include the use of informed decision-making, conflict resolution, and social skills in making personal choices. (Prerequisite: None)

Sciences

SCIENCE 10, ACADEMIC (SNC2D)

This course enables students to enhance their understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and of the interrelationships between science, technology, society, and the environment. Students are also given opportunities to further develop their scientific investigation skills. Students will plan and conduct investigations and develop their understanding of scientific theories related to the connections between cells and systems in animals and plants; chemical reactions, with a particular focus on acid–base reactions; forces that affect climate and climate change; and the interaction of light and matter. (Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied)

Technological Education

COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY 10, OPEN (TGJ2O)

This course introduces students to communications technology from a media perspective. Students will work in the areas of TV/video and movie production, radio and audio production, print and graphic communications, photography, and interactive new media and animation. Student projects may include computer-based activities such as creating videos, editing photos, working with audio, cartooning, developing animations, and designing web pages. Students will also develop an awareness of environmental and societal issues related to communications technology, and will explore secondary and postsecondary education and training pathways and career opportunities in the various communications technology fields. (Prerequisite: None)

Grade 11

Arts: Visual, Media & Dramatic

DRAMA 11, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (ADA3M)

This course requires students to create and perform in dramatic presentations. Students will analyse, interpret, and perform dramatic works from various cultures and time periods. Students will research various acting styles and conventions that could be used in their presentations, and analyse the functions of playwrights, directors, actors, designers, technicians, and audiences. (Prerequisite: Drama, Grade 9 or 10, Open)

MEDIA ARTS 11, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (ASM3M)

This course focuses on the development of media arts skills through the production of art works involving traditional and emerging technologies, tools, and techniques such as new media, computer animation, and web environments. Students will explore the evolution of media arts as an extension of traditional art forms, use the creative process to produce effective media art works, and critically analyse the unique characteristics of this art form. Students will examine the role of media artists in shaping audience perceptions of identity, culture, and community values. (Prerequisite: Media Arts, Grade 10, Open, or any Grade 9 or 10 arts course)

VISUAL ARTS 11, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (AVI3M)

This course enables students to further develop their knowledge and skills in visual arts. Students will use the creative process to explore a wide range of themes through studio work that will include drawing, painting, sculpting, photography and interior design, as well as the creation of collage, multimedia works, and works using emerging technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process when evaluating their own work and the work of others. (Prerequisite: Visual Arts, Grade 9 or 10, Open)

Business

FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING FUNDAMENTALS 11, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE (BAF3M)

This course introduces students to the fundamental principles and procedures of accounting. Students will develop financial analysis and decision-making skills that will assist them in future studies and/or career opportunities in business. Students will acquire an understanding of accounting for a service and a merchandising business, computerized accounting, financial analysis, and current issues and ethics in accounting. (Prerequisite: None)

MARKETING: GOODS, SERVICES, EVENTS 11, COLLEGE PREPARATION (BMI3C)

This course introduces the fundamental concepts of product marketing, which includes the marketing of goods, services, and events. Students will examine how trends, issues, global economic changes, and information technology influence consumer buying habits. Students will engage in marketing research, develop marketing strategies, and produce a marketing plan for a product of their choice. (Prerequisite: None)

Canadian & World Studies: Geography

FORCES OF NATURE: PHYSICAL PROCESSES AND DISASTERS 11, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (CGF3M)

This course examines Earth’s physical patterns and processes and how they create natural disasters and can contribute to human disasters. Students will explore how physical processes related to Earth’s water, land, and air, as well as interactions between these systems, can affect the planet and its people. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate Earth’s natural processes, to make predictions related to natural disasters, and to create plans to prepare for and/ or respond to them. (Prerequisite: Issues in Canadian Geography 9, Academic or Applied)

Canadian & World Studies: History

AMERICAN HISTORY 11, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (CHA3U)

This course traces the social, economic, and political development of the United States from colonial times to the present. Students will explore the historical context of key developments that shaped the United States, its identity and culture, and its role in the global community. They will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating forces in American history. (Prerequisite: Canadian History Since World War I 10, Academic or Applied)

WORLD HISTORY TO THE END OF THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY 11, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (CHW3M)

This course explores the history of various societies around the world, from earliest times to around 1500 CE. Students will examine life in and the legacy of various ancient and pre-modern societies throughout the world, including those in, Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas. Students will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating social, political, and economic structures and historical forces at work in various societies and in different historical eras. (Prerequisite: Canadian History Since World War I 10, Academic or Applied)

Canadian & World Studies: Law

UNDERSTANDING CANADIAN LAW 11, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (CLU3M)

This course explores Canadian law, with a focus on legal issues that are relevant to the lives of people in Canada. Students will gain an understanding of rights and freedoms in Canada, our legal system, and family, contract, employment, tort, and criminal law. Students will use case studies and apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal inquiry process to develop legal reasoning skills and to formulate and communicate informed interpretations of legal issues, and they will develop the ability to advocate for new laws. (Prerequisite: Canadian History Since World War I Grade 10, Academic or Applied)

Canadian & World Studies: Politics and Economics

THE INDIVIDUAL AND THE ECONOMY 11, UNIVERSITY/ COLLEGE PREPARATION (CIE3M)

This course explores challenges facing the Canadian economy as well as the implications of various responses to these challenges. Students will explore the economic role of business, labour, and government, as well as their own role as individual consumers and contributors, and how all of these influence stability and variability in the Canadian economy. Students will apply the concepts of economic thinking and the economic inquiry process, including economic models, to investigate the impact of economic decisions. (Prerequisite: Canadian History Since World War I 10, Academic or Applied)

Computer Science

INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER SCIENCE 11, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (ICS3U)

This course introduces students to computer science. Students will design software independently and as part of a team, using industry-standard programming tools and applying the software development life-cycle model. They will also write and use subprograms within computer programs. Students will develop creative solutions for various types of problems as their understanding of the computing environment grows. They will also explore environmental and ergonomic issues, emerging research in computer science, and global career trends in computer-related fields. (Prerequisite: None, Recommended Introduction to Computer Science 10, Open)

English

ENGLISH 11, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (ENG3U)

This course emphasizes the development of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyse challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures, as well as a range of informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using language with precision and clarity and incorporating stylistic devices appropriately and effectively. The course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 12 university or college preparation course. (Prerequisite: English 10, Academic)

English: Optional

ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE, ESL LEVEL 3, OPEN (ESLCO)

This course further extends students’skills in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in English for a variety of everyday and academic purposes. Students will make short classroom oral presentations; read a variety of adapted and original texts in English; and write using a variety of text forms. As well, students will expand their academic vocabulary and their study skills to facilitate their transition to the mainstream school program. This course also introduces students to the rights and responsibilities inherent in Canadian citizenship, and to a variety of current Canadian issues. (Prerequisite: ESL Level 2 or equivalent)

PRESENTATION AND SPEAKING SKILLS 11, OPEN (EPS3O)

This course emphasizes the knowledge and skills required to plan and make effective presentations and to speak effectively in both formal and informal contexts, using such forms as reports, speeches, debates, panel discussions, storytelling, recitations, interviews, and multimedia presentations. Students will research and analyse the content and characteristics of convincing speeches and the techniques of effective speakers; design and rehearse presentations for a variety of purposes and audiences; select and use visual and technological aids to enhance their message; and assess the effectiveness of their own and others’ presentations. (Prerequisite: English, Grade10, Academic or Applied)

Humanities & Social Science

INTRODUCTION TO ANTHROPOLOGY, PSYCHOLOGY, & SOCIOLOGY 11, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (HSP3U)

This course provides students with opportunities to think critically about theories, questions, and issues related to anthropology, psychology, and sociology. Students will develop an understanding of the approaches and research methods used by social scientists. They will be given opportunities to explore theories from a variety of perspectives, to conduct social science, and to become familiar with current thinking on a range of issues within the three disciplines. (Prerequisite: The Grade 10 academic course in English or the Grade 10 academic history course)

WORLD RELIGIONS AND BELIEF TRADITIONS: PERSPECTIVES, ISSUES AND CHALLENGES 11, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (HRT3M)

This course provides students with opportunities to explore various world religions and belief traditions. Students will develop knowledge of the terms and concepts relevant to this area of study, will examine the ways in which religions and belief traditions meet various human needs, and will learn about the relationship between belief and action. They will examine sacred writings and teachings, consider how concepts of time and place influence different religions and belief traditions, and develop research and inquiry skills related to the study of human expressions of belief. (Prerequisite: None)

Mathematics

FOUNDATIONS FOR COLLEGE MATHEMATICS 11, COLLEGE PREPARATION (MBF3C)

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as a problem solving tool in the real world. Students will extend their understanding of quadratic relations, as well as of measurement and geometry; investigate situations involving exponential growth; solve problems involving compound interest; solve financial problems connected with vehicle ownership; and develop their ability to reason by collecting, analyzing, evaluating data involving one and two variables. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking. (Prerequisite: Foundation of Mathematics 10, Applied or Principles of Mathematics 10, Academic)

FUNCTIONS 11, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (MCR3U)

This course introduces the mathematical concept of the function by extending students’ experiences with linear and quadratic relations. Students will investigate properties of discrete and continuous functions, including trigonometric and exponential functions; represent functions numerically, algebraically, and graphically; solve problems involving applications of functions; and develop facility in simplifying polynomial and rational expressions. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. (Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics 10, Academic)

FUNCTIONS AND APPLICATIONS 11, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (MCF3M)

This course introduces basic features of the function by extending students’ experiences with quadratic relations. It focuses on quadratic, trigonometric, and exponential functions and their use in modelling real-world situations. Students will represent functions numerically, graphically, and algebraically; simplify expressions; solve equations; and solve problems relating to financial and trigonometric applications. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. (Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics 10, Academic or Foundations of Mathematics 10, Applied)

Modern Languages

CORE FRENCH 11, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (FSF3U)

This course offers students extended opportunities to speak and interact in real-life situations in French with greater independence. Students will develop their creative and critical thinking skills through responding to and exploring a variety of oral and written texts. They will continue to broaden their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities and to develop the skills necessary for life-long language learning. (Prerequisite: Core French 10, Academic)

SPANISH LEVEL 3, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (LWSCU)

This course offers students opportunities to further develop competence and confidence in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in Spanish. Students will participate in interactive activities (e.g., discussions about literature, travel, shopping) in which they will further develop their knowledge of linguistic elements. They will continue to explore aspects of culture in regions of the world where the language is spoken, including fashion, historical figures, art, and architecture. Students will enhance their critical and creative thinking skills through reading diverse materials, including original literature, and will explore a variety of personal and professional contexts in which knowledge of Spanish is required. (Prerequisite: Spanish Level 2, Academic)

Physical & Health Education

The underlying goals of the Physical and Health Education program at Metro Prep are:

  • to improve overall fitness and motor development;
  • to increase motivation to be physically active; and
  • to provide an enjoyable, successful experience in exercise and sport.

HEALTHY ACTIVE LIVING EDUCATION 11, OPEN (PPL3O)

This course focuses on the development of a healthy lifestyle and participation in a variety of enjoyable physical activities that have the potential to engage students' interest throughout their lives. Students will be encouraged to develop personal competence in a variety of movement skills and will be given opportunities to practice goal-setting, decision-making, social, and interpersonal skills. Students will also study the components of healthy relationships, reproductive health, mental health, and personal safety. (Prerequisite: None)

PERSONAL AND FITNESS ACTIVITIES 11, OPEN (PAF30)

The focus of this course is to develop a healthy active lifestyle through strength training and cardiovascular fitness activities. The students will learn how to develop a safe, personal strength training program based on the latest scientific theories of strength training. The course will be based on the “Vitality” approach to health, which emphasizes, good nutrition, being active and a positiveself-image. Studentstakingthiscoursewillbeveryactive in personal fitness activities including weight training, aerobics, and cardiovascular training. (Co-ed) (Prerequisite: None)

Sciences

BIOLOGY 11, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (SBI3U)

This course furthers students’ understanding of the processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biodiversity; evolution; genetic processes; the structure and function of animals; and the anatomy, growth, and function of plants. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study, and helps students refine skills related to scientific investigation. (Prerequisite: Science10, Academic)

CHEMISTRY 11, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (SCH3U)

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of the properties of chemicals and chemical bonds; chemical reactions and quantitative relationships in those reactions; solutions and solubility; and atmospheric chemistry and the behaviour of gases. Students will further develop their analytical skills and investigate the qualitative and quantitative properties of matter, as well as the impact of some common chemical reactions on society and the environment. (Prerequisite: Science 10, Academic)

PHYSICS 11, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (SPH3U)

This course develops students' understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will explore kinematics, with an emphasis on linear motion; different kinds of forces; energy transformations; the properties of mechanical waves and sound; and electricity and magnetism. They will enhance their scientific investigation skills as they test laws of physics. In addition, they will analyse the interrelationships between physics and technology, and consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment. (Prerequisite: Science 10, Academic)

Technological Education

COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY: BROADCAST AND PRINT PRODUCTION 11, OPEN (TGJ3O)

This course enables students to develop knowledge and skills in the areas of graphic communication, printing and publishing, audio and video production, and broadcast journalism. Students will work both independently and as part of a production team to design and produce media products in a project-driven environment. Practical projects may include the making of signs, yearbooks, video and/or audio productions, newscasts, and documentaries. Students will also develop an awareness of related environmental and societal issues, and will explore secondary and postsecondary education and training pathways and career opportunities in the various communications technology fields. (Prerequisite: None)

Grade 12

Arts: Visual, Media & Dramatic

DRAMA 12, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (ADA4M)

This course requires students to experiment individually and collaboratively with forms and conventions of both drama and theatre from various cultures and time periods. Students will interpret dramatic literature and other text and media sources while learning about various theories of directing and acting. Students will examine the significance of dramatic arts in various cultures, and will analyse how the knowledge and skills developed in drama are related to their personal skills, social awareness, and goals beyond secondary school. (Prerequisite: Drama, Grade 11, University/College Preparation)

MEDIA ARTS 12, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (ASM4M)

This course emphasizes the refinement of media arts skills through the creation of a thematic body of work by applying traditional and emerging technologies, tools, and techniques such as multimedia, computer animation, installation art, and performance art. Students will develop works that express their views on contemporary issues and will create portfolios suitable for use in either career or postsecondary education applications. Students will critically analyse the role of media artists in shaping audience perceptions of identity, culture, and community values. (Prerequisite: Media Arts, Grade 11, University/College Preparation)

PHOTOGRAPHY 12, UNIVERSITY/ COLLEGE PREPARATION (AWQ4M)

This course expands on the basic theory and techniques taught in the Photography 11 course. Students will refine their technical skills and build on their knowledge of photographic concepts and theories. They will explore both traditional media and new technologies to broaden their understanding of photography as both an art and design medium. Students will analyse the work of photographers from around the world as a means of developing their own photographic work. The majority of the course will focus on producing a personally motivated body of work. (Prerequisite, Photography 11 AWQ3M - students must have a working knowledge of an SLR camera and basic photographic techniques in order to meet the expectations of this course as this is an advanced course)

VISUAL ARTS 12, UNIVERSITY/ COLLEGE PREPARATION (AVI4M)

This course focuses on enabling students to refine their use of the creative process when creating and presenting two- and three-dimensional art works using a variety of traditional and emerging media and technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process to deconstruct art works and explore connections between art and society. The studio program enables students to explore a range of materials, processes, and techniques that can be applied in their own art production. Students will also make connections between various works of art in personal, contemporary, historical, and cultural contexts. (Prerequisite: Visual Arts, Grade 11, University/College Preparation)

Business

FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES 12, UNIVERSITY/ COLLEGE PREPARATION (BAT4M)

This course introduces students to advanced accounting principles that will prepare them for postsecondary studies in business. Students will learn about financial statements for various forms of business ownership and how those statements are interpreted in making business decisions. This course further develops accounting methods for assets and introduces accounting for partnerships, corporations, and sources of financing. (Prerequisite: Financial Accounting Fundamentals 11, University/ College Preparation)

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS FUNDAMENTALS 12, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (BBB4M)

This course provides an overview of the importance of international business and trade in the global economy and explores the factors that influence success in international markets. Students will learn about the techniques and strategies associated with marketing, distribution, and managing international business effectively. This course prepares students for postsecondary programs in business, including international business, marketing and management. (Prerequisite: None)

Canadian & World Studies: Geography

THE ENVIRONMENT AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT 12, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (CGR4M)

This course explores interactions between the natural and human environment, with a particular focus on the impact of human activity on various ecosystems. Students will explore resource management and sustainability practices, as well as related government policy and international protocols. Applying the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, students will investigate the relationship between people and the natural environment and will propose approaches for developing more sustainable relationships, including environmentally responsible actions that support stewardship. (Prerequisite: Any University, University/College, or College Preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities)

WORLD ISSUES: A GEOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (CGW4U)

This course examines the global challenges of creating a more sustainable and equitable world. Students will explore a range of issues involving environmental, economic, social, and geopolitical interrelationships, and will examine governmental policies related to these issues. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate these complex issues, including their impact on natural and human communities around the world. (Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities)

Canadian & World Studies: History

WORLD HISTORY SINCE THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (CHY4U)

This course traces major developments and events in world history since approximately 1450. Students will explore social, economic, and political changes, the historical roots of contemporary issues, and the role of conflict and cooperation in global interrelationships. They will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, as they investigate key issues and assess societal progress or decline in world history. (Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities)

Canadian & World Studies: Law

CANADIAN AND INTERNATIONAL LAW 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (CLN4U)

This course explores a range of contemporary legal issues and how they are addressed in both Canadian and international law. Students will develop their understanding of the principles of Canadian and international law when exploring rights and freedoms within the context of topics such as religion, security, cyberspace, immigration, crimes against humanity, and environmental protection. Students will apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal inquiry process when investigating these issues in both Canadian and international contexts, and they will develop legal reasoning skills and an understanding of conflict resolution in the area of international law. (Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities. Recommended: Understanding Canadian Law 11, University/College Preparation)


Canadian & World Studies: Politics and Economics

ANALYZING CURRENT ECONOMIC ISSUES 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (CIA4U)

This course examines current national and global economic trends and policies from diverse perspectives. Students will explore the impact of choices that individuals and institutions, including governments, make in responding to local, national, and global economic issues such as globalization and global economic inequalities, trade agreements, national debt, taxation, social spending, and consumer debt. Students will apply the concepts of economic thinking and the economic inquiry process, including economic models, to investigate, and develop informed opinions about, current economic issues and to help them make reasoned economic decisions. (Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities. Recommended: The Individual and the Economy 11, University/College Preparation)

CANADIAN AND WORLD POLITICS 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (CPW4U)

This course explores various perspectives on issues in Canadian and world politics. Students will explore political decision-making and ways in which individuals, stakeholder groups, and various institutions, including different levels of government, multinational corporations, and non-governmental organizations, respond to and work to influence domestic and international developments. Students will apply the concepts of political thinking and the political inquiry process to investigate current political policies, issues, and events, and to develop and communicate informed opinions about them. (Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities)

Classical Studies

CLASSICAL CIVILIZATION 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (LVV4U)

This course allows students to explore the beliefs and achievements of the classical world, which have shaped Western thought and civilization. Students will investigate such aspects of classical culture as its mythology, art, literature, and philosophy, as well as elements of ancient Greek and Latin, through a variety of activities such as dramatizations, audio-visual presentations and discussions. By reading classical authors in English and examining archaeological evidence, students will enhance both their communication skills and their ability to think critically and creatively. (Prerequisite: English 10, Academic or Applied)

Computer Science

COMPUTER SCIENCE 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (ICS4U)

This course enables students to further develop knowledge and skills in computer science. Students will use modular design principles to create complex and fully documented programs, according to industry standards. Student teams will manage a large software development project, from planning through to project review. Students will also analyse algorithms for effectiveness. They will investigate ethical issues in computing and further explore environmental issues, emerging technologies, areas of research in computer science, and careers in the field. (Prerequisite: Introduction to Computer Science 11, University/College Preparation)

English

ENGLISH 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (ENG4U)

This course emphasizes the consolidation of the literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyse a range of challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures; interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts; and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using academic language coherently and confidently, selecting the reading strategies best suited to particular texts and particular purposes for reading, and developing greater control in writing. The course is intended to prepare students for university, college, or the workplace. (Prerequisite: English 11, University Preparation)

English: Optional

ONTARIO SECONDARY SCHOOL LITERACY COURSE 12, OPEN (OLC4O)

This course is designed to help students acquire and demonstrate the cross-curricular literacy skills that are evaluated by the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT). Students who complete the course successfully will meet the provincial literacy requirement for graduation. Students will read a variety of informational, narrative, and graphic texts and will produce a variety of forms of writing, including summaries, information paragraphs, opinion pieces, and news reports. Students will also maintain and manage a portfolio containing a record of their reading experiences and samples of their writing. (Eligibility Requirement: Students who have been eligible to write the OSSLT at least twice and who have been unsuccessful at least once are eligible to take the course.)

THE WRITER'S CRAFT 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (EWC4U)

This course emphasizes knowledge and skills related to the craft of writing. Students will analyse models of effective writing; use a workshop approach to produce a range of works; identify and use techniques required for specialized forms of writing; and identify effective ways to improve the quality of their writing. They will also complete a major paper as part of a creative or analytical independent study project and investigate opportunities for publication and for writing careers. (Prerequisite: English 11, University Preparation)

Humanities & Social Science

CHALLENGE AND CHANGE IN SOCIETY 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (HSB4U)

This course focuses on the use of social science theories, perspectives, and methodologies to investigate and explain shifts in knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviour and their impact on society. Students will critically analyse how and why cultural, social, and behavioural patterns change over time. They will explore the ideas of social theorists and use those ideas to analyse causes of and responses to challenges such as technological change, deviance, and global inequalities. Students will explore ways in which social science research methods can be used to study social change. (Prerequisite: Any University, University/College, or College Preparation course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and World Studies)

FAMILIES IN CANADA 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (HHS4U)

This course enables students to draw on sociological, psychological, and anthropological theories and research to analyse the development of individuals, intimate relationships, and family and parent-child relationships. Students will focus on issues and challenges facing individuals and families in Canada’s diverse society. They will develop analytical tools that enable them to assess various factors affecting families and to consider policies and practices intended to support families in Canada. They will develop the investigative skills required to conduct and communicate the results of research on individuals, intimate relationships, and parent-child relationships. (Prerequisite: Any University, University/College Preparation course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and World Studies)

PHILOSOPHY: QUESTIONS AND THEORIES 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (HZT4U)

This course enables students to acquire an understanding of the nature of philosophy and philosophical reasoning skills and to develop and apply their knowledge and skills while exploring specialized branches of philosophy (the course will cover at least three of the following branches: metaphysics, ethics, epistemology, philosophy of science, social and political philosophy, aesthetics). Students will develop critical thinking and philosophical reasoning skills as they formulate and evaluate arguments related to a variety of philosophical questions and theories. They will also develop research and inquiry skills related to the study and practice of philosophy. (Prerequisite: Any University, University/College Preparation course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and World Studies)

Mathematics

ADVANCED FUNCTIONS 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (MHF4U)

This course extends students’ experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; develop techniques for combining functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended both for students taking the Calculus and Vectors course as a prerequisite for a university program and for those wishing to consolidate their understanding of mathematics before proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs. (Prerequisite: Functions 11, University Preparation, or Mathematics for College Technology 12, College Preparation)

CALCULUS AND VECTORS 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (MCV4U)

This course builds on students’ previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors and representations of lines and planes in three-dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, exponential, rational, and radical functions; and apply these concepts and skills to the modelling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who choose to pursue careers in fields such as science, engineering, economics, and some areas of business, including those students who will be required to take a university-level calculus, linear algebra, or physics course. (Note: Advanced Functions MHF4U must be taken prior to or concurrently with Calculus and Vectors MCV4U)

MATHEMATICS OF DATA MANAGEMENT 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (MDM4U)

This course broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing data. Students will apply methods for organizing and analyzing large amounts of information; solve problems involving probability and statistics; and carry out a culminating investigation that integrates statistical concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. Students planning to enter university programs in business, the social sciences, and the humanities will find this course of particular interest. (Prerequisite: Functions 11, University Preparation, or Functions and Applications 11, University/College Preparation)

Modern Languages

CORE FRENCH 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (FSF4U)

This course provides extensive opportunities for students to speak and interact in French independently. Students will apply language-learning strategies in a wide variety of real- life situations, and will continue to develop their creative and critical thinking skills through responding to and interacting with a variety of oral and written texts. Students will also continue to enrich their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities and to develop the skills necessary for life-long language learning. (Prerequisite: Core French 11, University Preparation)

SPANISH LEVEL 4, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (LWSDU)

This course prepares students for postsecondary studies in Spanish. Students will continue to refine and enhance their listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in the language, with the goal of using these communication skills in a variety of personal, academic, and professional contexts. Using a wide variety of sources, including original texts in the language, students will consolidate their language skills as they use increasingly complex linguistic elements and language conventions. Students will also have opportunities to enrich their knowledge of aspects of culture in regions where Spanish is spoken, including issues related to popular culture, linguistic communities in Canada, literature, history, geography, and the arts. (Prerequisite: Spanish Level 3, University Preparation)

Physical & Health Education

The underlying goals of the Physical and Health Education program at Metro Prep are:

•to improve overall fitness and motor development;
•to increase motivation to be physically active; and
•to provide an enjoyable, successful experience in exercise and sport.

EXERCISE SCIENCE 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (PSE4U)

This course focuses on the study of human movement and of systems, factors, and principles involved in human development. Students will learn about the effects of physical activity on health and performance, the evolution of physical activity and sports, and the factors that influence an individual's participation in physical activity. The course prepares students for university programs in physical education, kinesiology, recreation, and sports administration. (Prerequisite: Any Grade 11 university or university / college preparation course in science, or any Grade 11 or 12 open course in health and physical education.)

Sciences

BIOLOGY 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (SBI4U)

This course provides students with the opportunity for in- depth study of the concepts and processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biochemistry, metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on the achievement of detailed knowledge and the refinement of skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields. (Prerequisite: Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation)

CHEMISTRY 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (SCH4U)

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, the structure and properties of matter, energy changes and rates of reaction, equilibrium in chemical systems, and electrochemistry. Students will further develop their problem- solving and investigation skills as they investigate chemical processes, and will refine their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in everyday life and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment. (Prerequisite: Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation)

PHYSICS 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (SPH4U)

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of physics concepts and theories. Students will continue their exploration of energy transformations and the forces that affect motion, and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation. Students will also explore the wave nature of light, quantum mechanics, and special relativity. They will further develop their scientific investigation skills, learning, for example, how to analyse, qualitatively and quantitatively, data relating to a variety of physics concepts and principles. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment. (Prerequisite: Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation)

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (SES4U)

This course develops students’ understanding of Earth and its place in the universe. Students will investigate the properties of and forces in the universe and solar system and analyse techniques scientists use to generate knowledge about them. Students will closely examine the materials of Earth, its internal and surficial processes, and its geological history, and will learn how Earth’s systems interact and how they have changed over time. Throughout the course, students will learn how these forces, processes, and materials affect their daily lives. The course draws on biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics in its consideration of geological and astronomical processes that can be observed directly or inferred from other evidence. (Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic)

Complete 9–12 List

Arts: Visual, Media & Dramatic

DRAMA 9, OPEN (ADA1O)

This course provides opportunities for students to explore dramatic forms and techniques, using material from a wide range of sources and cultures. Students will use the elements of drama to examine situations and issues that are relevant to their lives. Students will create, perform, discuss, and analyse drama, and then reflect on the experiences to develop an understanding of themselves, the art form, and the world around them. (Prerequisite: None)

VISUAL ARTS 9, OPEN (AVI1O)

This course is exploratory in nature, offering an overview of visual arts as a foundation for further study. Students will become familiar with the elements and principles of design and the expressive qualities of various materials by using a range of media, processes, techniques, and styles. Students will use the creative and critical analysis processes and will interpret art within a personal, contemporary, and historical context. (Prerequisite: None)

DRAMATIC ARTS/MUSIC INTEGRATED ARTS 10, OPEN (ALC2O)

This course integrates drama and music giving students the opportunity to produce and present integrated art works created individually or collaboratively. Students will demonstrate innovation as they learn and apply concepts, styles, and conventions unique to the various arts and acquire skills that are transferable beyond the classroom. Students will use the creative process and responsible practices to explore solutions to integrated arts challenges. (Prerequisite: None)

MEDIA ARTS 10, OPEN (ASM2O)

This course enables students to create media art works by exploring new media, emerging technologies such as digital animation, and a variety of traditional art forms such as film, photography, video, and visual arts. Students will acquire communications skills that are transferable beyond the media arts classroom and develop an understanding of responsible practices related to the creative process. Students will develop the skills necessary to create and interpret media art works. (Prerequisite: None)

VISUAL ARTS 10, OPEN (AVI2O)

This course enables students to develop their skills in producing and presenting art by introducing them to new ideas, materials, and processes for artistic exploration and experimentation. Students will apply the elements and principles of design when exploring the creative process. Students will use the critical analysis process to reflect on and interpret art within a personal, contemporary, and historical context. (Prerequisite: None)

DRAMA 11, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (ADA3M)

This course requires students to create and perform in dramatic presentations. Students will analyse, interpret, and perform dramatic works from various cultures and time periods. Students will research various acting styles and conventions that could be used in their presentations, and analyse the functions of playwrights, directors, actors, designers, technicians, and audiences. (Prerequisite: Drama, Grade 9 or 10, Open)

MEDIA ARTS 11, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (ASM3M)

This course focuses on the development of media arts skills through the production of art works involving traditional and emerging technologies, tools, and techniques such as new media, computer animation, and web environments. Students will explore the evolution of media arts as an extension of traditional art forms, use the creative process to produce effective media art works, and critically analyse the unique characteristics of this art form. Students will examine the role of media artists in shaping audience perceptions of identity, culture, and community values. (Prerequisite: Media Arts, Grade 10, Open, or any Grade 9 or 10 arts course)

VISUAL ARTS 11, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (AVI3M)

This course enables students to further develop their knowledge and skills in visual arts. Students will use the creative process to explore a wide range of themes through studio work that will include drawing, painting, sculpting, photography and interior design, as well as the creation of collage, multimedia works, and works using emerging technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process when evaluating their own work and the work of others. (Prerequisite: Visual Arts, Grade 9 or 10, Open)

DRAMA 12, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (ADA4M)

This course requires students to experiment individually and collaboratively with forms and conventions of both drama and theatre from various cultures and time periods. Students will interpret dramatic literature and other text and media sources while learning about various theories of directing and acting. Students will examine the significance of dramatic arts in various cultures, and will analyse how the knowledge and skills developed in drama are related to their personal skills, social awareness, and goals beyond secondary school. (Prerequisite: Drama, Grade 11, University/College Preparation)

MEDIA ARTS 12, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (ASM4M)

This course emphasizes the refinement of media arts skills through the creation of a thematic body of work by applying traditional and emerging technologies, tools, and techniques such as multimedia, computer animation, installation art, and performance art. Students will develop works that express their views on contemporary issues and will create portfolios suitable for use in either career or postsecondary education applications. Students will critically analyse the role of media artists in shaping audience perceptions of identity, culture, and community values. (Prerequisite: Media Arts, Grade 11, University/College Preparation)

PHOTOGRAPHY 12, UNIVERSITY/ COLLEGE PREPARATION (AWQ4M)

This course expands on the basic theory and techniques taughtinthePhotography11course. Students will refine their technical skills and build on their knowledge of photographic concepts and theories. They will explore both traditional media and new technologies to broaden their understanding of photography as both an art and design medium. Students will analyse the work of photographers from around the world as a means of developing their own photographic work. The majority of the course will focus on producing a personally motivated body of work. (Prerequisite, Photography 11 AWQ3M - students must have a working knowledge of an SLR camera and basic photographic techniques in order to meet the expectations of this course as this is an advanced course)

VISUAL ARTS 12, UNIVERSITY/ COLLEGE PREPARATION (AVI4M)

This course focuses on enabling students to refine their use of the creative process when creating and presenting two- and three-dimensional art works using a variety of traditional and emerging media and technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process to deconstruct art works and explore connections between art and society. The studio program enables students to explore a range of materials, processes, and techniques that can be applied in their own art production. Students will also make connections between various works of art in personal, contemporary, historical, and cultural contexts. (Prerequisite: Visual Arts, Grade 11, University/College Preparation)

Business

INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN BUSINESS 9, OPEN (BTT1O)

This course introduces students to information and communication technology in a business environment and builds a foundation of digital literacy skills necessary for success in a technologically driven society. Students will develop word processing, spreadsheet, database, desktop publishing, presentation software, and website design skills. Throughout the course, there is an emphasis on digital literacy, effective electronic research and communication skills, and current issues related to the impact of information and communication technology. (Prerequisite: None)

INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS 10, OPEN (BBI2O)

This course introduces students to the world of business. Students will develop an understanding of the functions of business, including accounting, marketing, information technology, human resources, and production, and of the importance of ethics and social responsibility. This course builds a foundation for further studies in business and helps students develop the business knowledge and skills they will need in their everyday lives. (Prerequisite: None)

FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING FUNDAMENTALS 11, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE (BAF3M)

This course introduces students to the fundamental principles and procedures of accounting. Students will develop financial analysis and decision-making skills that will assist them in future studies and/or career opportunities in business. Students will acquire an understanding of accounting for a service and a merchandising business, computerized accounting, financial analysis, and current issues and ethics in accounting. (Prerequisite: None)

MARKETING: GOODS, SERVICES, EVENTS 11, COLLEGE PREPARATION (BMI3C)

This course introduces the fundamental concepts of product marketing, which includes the marketing of goods, services, and events. Students will examine how trends, issues, global economic changes, and information technology influence consumer buying habits. Students will engage in marketing research, develop marketing strategies, and produce a marketing plan for a product of their choice. (Prerequisite: None)

FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES 12, UNIVERSITY/ COLLEGE PREPARATION (BAT4M)

This course introduces students to advanced accounting principles that will prepare them for postsecondary studies in business. Students will learn about financial statements for various forms of business ownership and how those statements are interpreted in making business decisions. This course further develops accounting methods for assets and introduces accounting for partnerships, corporations, and sources of financing. (Prerequisite: Financial Accounting Fundamentals 11, University/ College Preparation)

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS FUNDAMENTALS 12, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (BBB4M)

This course provides an overview of the importance of international business and trade in the global economy and explores the factors that influence success in international markets. Students will learn about the techniques and strategies associated with marketing, distribution, and managing international business effectively. This course prepares students for postsecondary programs in business, including international business, marketing and management. (Prerequisite: None)

Canadian & World Studies: Geography

ISSUES IN CANADIAN GEOGRAPHY 9, ACADEMIC (CGC1D)

This course examines interrelationships within and between Canada’s natural and human systems and how these systems interconnect with those in other parts of the world. Students will explore environmental, economic, and social geographic issues relating to topics such as transportation options, energy choices, and urban development. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate various geographic issues and to develop possible approaches for making Canada a more sustainable place to live. (Prerequisite: None)

FORCES OF NATURE: PHYSICAL PROCESSES AND DISASTERS 11, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (CGF3M)

This course examines Earth’s physical patterns and processes and how they create natural disasters and can contribute to human disasters. Students will explore how physical processes related to Earth’s water, land, and air, as well as interactions between these systems, can affect the planet and its people. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate Earth’s natural processes, to make predictions related to natural disasters, and to create plans to prepare for and/ or respond to them. (Prerequisite: Issues in Canadian Geography 9, Academic or Applied)

THE ENVIRONMENT AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT 12, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (CGR4M)

This course explores interactions between the natural and human environment, with a particular focus on the impact of human activity on various ecosystems. Students will explore resource management and sustainability practices, as well as related government policy and international protocols. Applying the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, students will investigate the relationship between people and the natural environment and will propose approaches for developing more sustainable relationships, including environmentally responsible actions that support stewardship. (Prerequisite: Any University, University/College, or College Preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities)

WORLD ISSUES: A GEOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (CGW4U)

This course examines the global challenges of creating a more sustainable and equitable world. Students will explore a range of issues involving environmental, economic, social, and geopolitical interrelationships, and will examine governmental policies related to these issues. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate these complex issues, including their impact on natural and human communities around the world. (Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities)

Canadian & World Studies: History

CANADIAN HISTORY SINCE WORLD WAR I 10, ACADEMIC (CHC2D)

This course explores social, economic, and political developments and events and their impact on the lives of different groups in Canada since 1914. Students will examine the role of conflict and cooperation in Canadian society, Canada’s evolving role within the global community, and the impact of various individuals, organizations, and events on Canadian identity, citizenship, and heritage. They will develop their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating key issues and events in Canadian history since 1914. (Prerequisite: None)

CIVICS AND CITIZENSHIP 10, OPEN (CHV2O) * 0.5 Credit

This course explores rights and responsibilities associated with being an active citizen in a democratic society. Students will explore issues of civic importance such as healthy schools, community planning, environmental responsibility, and the influence of social media, while developing their understanding of the role of civic engagement and of political processes in the local, national, and/or global community. Students will apply the concepts of political thinking and the political inquiry process to investigate, and express informed opinions about, a range of political issues and developments that are both of significance in today’s world and of personal interest to them. (Prerequisite: None)

AMERICAN HISTORY 11, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (CHA3U)

This course traces the social, economic, and political development of the United States from colonial times to the present. Students will explore the historical context of key developments that shaped the United States, its identity and culture, and its role in the global community. They will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating forces in American history. (Prerequisite: Canadian History Since World War I 10, Academic or Applied)

WORLD HISTORY TO THE END OF THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY 11, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (CHW3M)

This course explores the history of various societies around the world, from earliest times to around 1500 CE. Students will examine life in and the legacy of various ancient and pre-modern societies throughout the world, including those in, Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas. Students will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating social, political, and economic structures and historical forces at work in various societies and in different historical eras. (Prerequisite: Canadian History Since World War I 10, Academic or Applied)

WORLD HISTORY SINCE THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (CHY4U)

This course traces major developments and events in world history since approximately 1450. Students will explore social, economic, and political changes, the historical roots of contemporary issues, and the role of conflict and cooperation in global interrelationships. They will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, as they investigate key issues and assess societal progress or decline in world history. (Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities)

Canadian & World Studies: Law

UNDERSTANDING CANADIAN LAW 11, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (CLU3M)

This course explores Canadian law, with a focus on legal issues that are relevant to the lives of people in Canada. Students will gain an understanding of rights and freedoms in Canada, our legal system, and family, contract, employment, tort, and criminal law. Students will use case studies and apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal inquiry process to develop legal reasoning skills and to formulate and communicate informed interpretations of legal issues, and they will develop the ability to advocate for new laws. (Prerequisite: Canadian History Since World War I Grade 10, Academic or Applied)

CANADIAN AND INTERNATIONAL LAW 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (CLN4U)

This course explores a range of contemporary legal issues and how they are addressed in both Canadian and international law. Students will develop their understanding of the principles of Canadian and international law when exploring rights and freedoms within the context of topics such as religion, security, cyberspace, immigration, crimes against humanity, and environmental protection. Students will apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal inquiry process when investigating these issues in both Canadian and international contexts, and they will develop legal reasoning skills and an understanding of conflict resolution in the area of international law. (Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities. Recommended: Understanding Canadian Law 11, University/College Preparation)

Canadian & World Studies: Politics and Economics

THE INDIVIDUAL AND THE ECONOMY 11, UNIVERSITY/ COLLEGE PREPARATION (CIE3M)

This course explores challenges facing the Canadian economy as well as the implications of various responses to these challenges. Students will explore the economic role of business, labour, and government, as well as their own role as individual consumers and contributors, and how all of these influence stability and variability in the Canadian economy. Students will apply the concepts of economic thinking and the economic inquiry process, including economic models, to investigate the impact of economic decisions. (Prerequisite: Canadian History Since World War I 10, Academic or Applied)

ANALYZING CURRENT ECONOMIC ISSUES 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (CIA4U)

This course examines current national and global economic trends and policies from diverse perspectives. Students will explore the impact of choices that individuals and institutions, including governments, make in responding to local, national, and global economic issues such as globalization and global economic inequalities, trade agreements, national debt, taxation, social spending, and consumer debt. Students will apply the concepts of economic thinking and the economic inquiry process, including economic models, to investigate, and develop informed opinions about, current economic issues and to help them make reasoned economic decisions. (Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities. Recommended: The Individual and the Economy 11, University/College Preparation)

CANADIAN AND WORLD POLITICS 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (CPW4U)

This course explores various perspectives on issues in Canadian and world politics. Students will explore political decision-making and ways in which individuals, stakeholder groups, and various institutions, including different levels of government, multinational corporations, and non-governmental organizations, respond to and work to influence domestic and international developments. Students will apply the concepts of political thinking and the political inquiry process to investigate current political policies, issues, and events, and to develop and communicate informed opinions about them. (Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities)

Classical Studies

CLASSICAL CIVILIZATION 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (LVV4U)

This course allows students to explore the beliefs and achievements of the classical world, which have shaped Western thought and civilization. Students will investigate such aspects of classical culture as its mythology, art, literature, and philosophy, as well as elements of ancient Greek and Latin, through a variety of activities such as dramatizations, audio-visual presentations and discussions. By reading classical authors in English and examining archaeological evidence, students will enhance both their communication skills and their ability to think critically and creatively. (Prerequisite: English 10, Academic or Applied)

Computer Science

INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER STUDIES 10, OPEN (ICS2O)

This course introduces students to computer programming. Students will plan and write simple computer programs by applying fundamental programming concepts, and learn to create clear and maintainable internal documentation. They will also learn to manage a computer by studying hardware configurations, software selection, operating system functions, networking, and safe computing practices. Students will also investigate the social impact of computer technologies, and develop an understanding of environmental and ethical issues related to the use of computers. (Prerequisite: None)

INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER SCIENCE 11, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (ICS3U)

This course introduces students to computer science. Students will design software independently and as part of a team, using industry-standard programming tools and applying the software development life-cycle model. They will also write and use subprograms within computer programs. Students will develop creative solutions for various types of problems as their understanding of the computing environment grows. They will also explore environmental and ergonomic issues, emerging research in computer science, and global career trends in computer-related fields. (Prerequisite: None, Recommended Introduction to Computer Science 10, Open)

COMPUTER SCIENCE 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (ICS4U)

This course enables students to further develop knowledge and skills in computer science. Students will use modular design principles to create complex and fully documented programs, according to industry standards. Student teams will manage a large software development project, from planning through to project review. Students will also analyse algorithms for effectiveness. They will investigate ethical issues in computing and further explore environmental issues, emerging technologies, areas of research in computer science, and careers in the field. (Prerequisite: Introduction to Computer Science 11, University/College Preparation)

English

ENGLISH 9, ACADEMIC (ENG1D)

This course is designed to develop the oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in their secondary school academic programs and in their daily lives. Students will analyse literary texts from contemporary and historical periods, interpret informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on the use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. The course is intended to prepare students for the Grade 10 academic English course, which leads to university or college preparation courses in Grades 11 and 12. (Prerequisite: None)

ENGLISH 10, ACADEMIC (ENG2D)

This course is designed to extend the range of oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in their secondary school academic programs and in their daily lives. Students will analyse literary texts from contemporary and historical periods, interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on the selective use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. This course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 11 university or college preparation course. (Prerequisite: English 9, Academic or Applied)

ENGLISH 11, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (ENG3U)

This course emphasizes the development of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyse challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures, as well as a range of informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using language with precision and clarity and incorporating stylistic devices appropriately and effectively. The course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 12 university or college preparation course. (Prerequisite: English 10, Academic)

ENGLISH 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (ENG4U)

This course emphasizes the consolidation of the literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyse a range of challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures; interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts; and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using academic language coherently and confidently, selecting the reading strategies best suited to particular texts and particular purposes for reading, and developing greater control in writing. The course is intended to prepare students for university, college, or the workplace. (Prerequisite: English 11, University Preparation)

English: Optional

ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE, LEVEL 2, OPEN (ESLBO)

This course extends students’ listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in English for everyday and academic purposes. Students will participate in conversations in structured situations on a variety of familiar and new topics; read a variety of texts designed or adapted for English language learners; expand their knowledge of English grammatical structures and sentence patterns; and link English sentences to compose paragraphs. The course also supports students’continuing adaptation to the Ontario school system by expanding their knowledge of diversity in their new province and country. (Prerequisite: ESL Level 1 or equivalent)

LITERACY SKILLS: READING AND WRITING 10, OPEN (ELS2O)

This course is designed to help students strengthen essential reading and writing skills, providing them with the extra literacy support they need in order to graduate. Students will read informational, graphic, and literary texts, with a focus on locating information, identifying main ideas and supporting details, building vocabulary, and consolidating skills in the application of key comprehension strategies. The course will also help students develop core learning strategies.
(Prerequisite: English, Grade 9, Academic or Applied)

ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE, LEVEL 3, OPEN (ESLCO)

This course further extends students’skills in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in English for a variety of everyday and academic purposes. Students will make short classroom oral presentations; read a variety of adapted and original texts in English; and write using a variety of text forms. As well, students will expand their academic vocabulary and their study skills to facilitate their transition to the mainstream school program. This course also introduces students to the rights and responsibilities inherent in Canadian citizenship, and to a variety of current Canadian issues. (Prerequisite: ESL Level 2 or equivalent)

PRESENTATION AND SPEAKING SKILLS 11, OPEN (EPS3O)

This course emphasizes the knowledge and skills required to plan and make effective presentations and to speak effectively in both formal and informal contexts, using such forms as reports, speeches, debates, panel discussions, storytelling, recitations, interviews, and multimedia presentations. Students will research and analyse the content and characteristics of convincing speeches and the techniques of effective speakers; design and rehearse presentations for a variety of purposes and audiences; select and use visual and technological aids to enhance their message; and assess the effectiveness of their own and others’ presentations. (Prerequisite: English, Grade10, Academic or Applied)

ONTARIO SECONDARY SCHOOL LITERACY COURSE 12, OPEN (OLC4O)

This course is designed to help students acquire and demonstrate the cross-curricular literacy skills that are evaluated by the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT). Students who complete the course successfully will meet the provincial literacy requirement for graduation. Students will read a variety of informational, narrative, and graphic texts and will produce a variety of forms of writing, including summaries, information paragraphs, opinion pieces, and news reports. Students will also maintain and manage a portfolio containing a record of their reading experiences and samples of their writing. (Eligibility Requirement: Students who have been eligible to write the OSSLT at least twice and who have been unsuccessful at least once are eligible to take the course.)

THE WRITER'S CRAFT 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (EWC4U)

This course emphasizes knowledge and skills related to the craft of writing. Students will analyse models of effective writing; use a workshop approach to produce a range of works; identify and use techniques required for specialized forms of writing; and identify effective ways to improve the quality of their writing. They will also complete a major paper as part of a creative or analytical independent study project and investigate opportunities for publication and for writing careers. (Prerequisite: English 11, University Preparation)

Guidance & Career Education

CAREER STUDIES 10, OPEN (GLC2O) * 0.5 Credit

This course teaches students how to develop and achieve personal goals for future learning, work and community involvement. Student will assess their interests, skills, and characteristics and investigate current economic and workplace trends, work opportunities, and ways to search for work. The course explores postsecondary learning and career options, prepares students for managing work and life transitions, and helps students focus on their goals through the development of a career plan. (Prerequisite: None)

Humanities & Social Science

INTRODUCTION TO ANTHROPOLOGY, PSYCHOLOGY, & SOCIOLOGY 11, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (HSP3U)

This course provides students with opportunities to think critically about theories, questions, and issues related to anthropology, psychology, and sociology. Students will develop an understanding of the approaches and research methods used by social scientists. They will be given opportunities to explore theories from a variety of perspectives, to conduct social science, and to become familiar with current thinking on a range of issues within the three disciplines. (Prerequisite: The Grade 10 academic course in English or the Grade 10 academic history course)

WORLD RELIGIONS AND BELIEF TRADITIONS: PERSPECTIVES, ISSUES AND CHALLENGES 11, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (HRT3M)

This course provides students with opportunities to explore various world religions and belief traditions. Students will develop knowledge of the terms and concepts relevant to this area of study, will examine the ways in which religions and belief traditions meet various human needs, and will learn about the relationship between belief and action. They will examine sacred writings and teachings, consider how concepts of time and place influence different religions and belief traditions, and develop research and inquiry skills related to the study of human expressions of belief. (Prerequisite: None)

CHALLENGE AND CHANGE IN SOCIETY 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (HSB4U)

This course focuses on the use of social science theories, perspectives, and methodologies to investigate and explain shifts in knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviour and their impact on society. Students will critically analyse how and why cultural, social, and behavioural patterns change over time. They will explore the ideas of social theorists and use those ideas to analyse causes of and responses to challenges such as technological change, deviance, and global inequalities. Students will explore ways in which social science research methods can be used to study social change. (Prerequisite: Any University, University/College, or College Preparation course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and World Studies)

FAMILIES IN CANADA 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (HHS4U)

This course enables students to draw on sociological, psychological, and anthropological theories and research to analyse the development of individuals, intimate relationships, and family and parent-child relationships. Students will focus on issues and challenges facing individuals and families in Canada’s diverse society. They will develop analytical tools that enable them to assess various factors affecting families and to consider policies and practices intended to support families in Canada. They will develop the investigative skills required to conduct and communicate the results of research on individuals, intimate relationships, and parent-child relationships. (Prerequisite: Any University, University/College Preparation course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and World Studies)

PHILOSOPHY: QUESTIONS AND THEORIES 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (HZT4U)

This course enables students to acquire an understanding of the nature of philosophy and philosophical reasoning skills and to develop and apply their knowledge and skills while exploring specialized branches of philosophy (the course will cover at least three of the following branches: metaphysics, ethics, epistemology, philosophy of science, social and political philosophy, aesthetics). Students will develop critical thinking and philosophical reasoning skills as they formulate and evaluate arguments related to a variety of philosophical questions and theories. They will also develop research and inquiry skills related to the study and practice of philosophy. (Prerequisite: Any University, University/College Preparation course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and World Studies)

Mathematics

PRINCIPLES OF MATHEMATICS 9, ACADEMIC (MPM1D)

This course enables students to develop an understanding of mathematical concepts related to algebra, analytic geometry, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will investigate relationships, which they will then generalize as equations of lines, and will determine the connections between different representations of a linear relation. They will also explore relationships that emerge from the measurement of three-dimensional figures and two-dimensional shapes. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. (Prerequisite: None)

PRINCIPLES OF MATHEMATICS 10, ACADEMIC (MPM2D)

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of relationships and extend their problem- solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology and abstract reasoning. Students will explore quadratic relations and their applications; solve and apply linear systems; verify properties of geometric figures using analytic geometry; and investigate the trigonometry of right and acute triangles, Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. (Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics 9, Academic)

FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS 10, APPLIED (MFM2P)

This course enables students to consolidate their understanding of linear relations and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will develop and graph equations in analytic geometry; solve and apply linear systems, using real-life examples; and explore and interpret graphs of quadratic relations. Students will investigate similar triangles, the trigonometry of right triangles, and the measurement of three-dimensional figures. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking. (Prerequisite: Grade 9 Mathematics, Academic or Applied Note: If you take this course instead of Principles of Mathematics 10 (academic) you will not have the prerequisite for Functions 11 in Grade 11. You will be able to take Functions and Applications 11 or Foundations for College Math 11.)

FOUNDATIONS FOR COLLEGE MATHEMATICS 11, COLLEGE PREPARATION (MBF3C)

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as a problem solving tool in the real world. Students will extend their understanding of quadratic relations, as well as of measurement and geometry; investigate situations involving exponential growth; solve problems involving compound interest; solve financial problems connected with vehicle ownership; and develop their ability to reason by collecting, analyzing, evaluating data involving one and two variables. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking. (Prerequisite: Foundation of Mathematics 10, Applied or Principles of Mathematics 10, Academic)

FUNCTIONS 11, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (MCR3U)

This course introduces the mathematical concept of the function by extending students’ experiences with linear and quadratic relations. Students will investigate properties of discrete and continuous functions, including trigonometric and exponential functions; represent functions numerically, algebraically, and graphically; solve problems involving applications of functions; and develop facility in simplifying polynomial and rational expressions. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. (Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics 10, Academic)

FUNCTIONS AND APPLICATIONS 11, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (MCF3M)

This course introduces basic features of the function by extending students’ experiences with quadratic relations. It focuses on quadratic, trigonometric, and exponential functions and their use in modelling real-world situations. Students will represent functions numerically, graphically, and algebraically; simplify expressions; solve equations; and solve problems relating to financial and trigonometric applications. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. (Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics 10, Academic or Foundations of Mathematics 10, Applied)

ADVANCED FUNCTIONS 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (MHF4U)

This course extends students’ experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; develop techniques for combining functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended both for students taking the Calculus and Vectors course as a prerequisite for a university program and for those wishing to consolidate their understanding of mathematics before proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs. (Prerequisite: Functions 11, University Preparation, or Mathematics for College Technology 12, College Preparation)

CALCULUS AND VECTORS 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (MCV4U)

This course builds on students’ previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors and representations of lines and planes in three-dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, exponential, rational, and radical functions; and apply these concepts and skills to the modelling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who choose to pursue careers in fields such as science, engineering, economics, and some areas of business, including those students who will be required to take a university-level calculus, linear algebra, or physics course. (Note: Advanced Functions MHF4U must be taken prior to or concurrently with Calculus and Vectors MCV4U)

MATHEMATICS OF DATA MANAGEMENT 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (MDM4U)

This course broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing data. Students will apply methods for organizing and analyzing large amounts of information; solve problems involving probability and statistics; and carry out a culminating investigation that integrates statistical concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. Students planning to enter university programs in business, the social sciences, and the humanities will find this course of particular interest. (Prerequisite: Functions 11, University Preparation, or Functions and Applications 11, University/College Preparation)

Modern Languages

CORE FRENCH 9, ACADEMIC (FSF1D)

This course provides opportunities for students to communicate and interact in French with increasing independence, with a focus on familiar topics related to their daily lives. Students will continue to develop language knowledge and skills by using language-learning strategies introduced in the elementary Core French program, and will apply creative and critical thinking skills in various ways. They will also enhance their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will develop the skills necessary to become life-long language learners. (Prerequisite: Minimum of 600 hours of Elementary Core French instruction, or equivalent)

SPANISH LEVEL 1, ACADEMIC (LWSAD)

This introductory course is designed to enable students to begin to develop competence in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in Spanish Students will participate in interactive activities in which they can apply their language skills to communicate with native speakers of the language. They will explore aspects of culture in regions of the world where Spanish is spoken, including formal and informal forms of address, naming practices, family life and relationships, and celebrations. (Prerequisite: None)

CORE FRENCH 10, ACADEMIC (FSF2D)

This course provides opportunities for students to communicate in French about personally relevant, familiar, and academic topics in real-life situations with increasing independence. Students will exchange information, ideas, and opinions with others in guided and increasingly spontaneous spoken interactions. Students will continue to develop their language knowledge and skills through the selective use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. They will also increase their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will continue to develop the skills necessary to become life-long language learners. (Prerequisite: Grade 9 Core French, Academic or Applied)

SPANISH LEVEL 2, ACADEMIC (LWSBD)

This course enables students to develop competence in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in Spanish. Students will continue to participate in interactive activities in which they can apply and develop their language skills to communicate with native speakers of the language. They will explore aspects of culture in regions of the world where Spanish is spoken, including social customs, food, sports and leisure activities, popular festivals, and music. Although students will expand their vocabulary and knowledge of linguistic elements, the language they will use at this level will still be simple. (Prerequisite: Spanish Level 1, Academic or equivalent)

CORE FRENCH 11, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (FSF3U)

This course offers students extended opportunities to speak and interact in real-life situations in French with greater independence. Students will develop their creative and critical thinking skills through responding to and exploring a variety of oral and written texts. They will continue to broaden their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities and to develop the skills necessary for life-long language learning. (Prerequisite: Core French 10, Academic)

SPANISH LEVEL 3, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (LWSCU)

This course offers students opportunities to further develop competence and confidence in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in Spanish. Students will participate in interactive activities (e.g., discussions about literature, travel, shopping) in which they will further develop their knowledge of linguistic elements. They will continue to explore aspects of culture in regions of the world where the language is spoken, including fashion, historical figures, art, and architecture. Students will enhance their critical and creative thinking skills through reading diverse materials, including original literature, and will explore a variety of personal and professional contexts in which knowledge of Spanish is required. (Prerequisite: Spanish Level 2, Academic)

CORE FRENCH 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (FSF4U)

This course provides extensive opportunities for students to speak and interact in French independently. Students will apply language-learning strategies in a wide variety of real- life situations, and will continue to develop their creative and critical thinking skills through responding to and interacting with a variety of oral and written texts. Students will also continue to enrich their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities and to develop the skills necessary for life-long language learning. (Prerequisite: Core French 11, University Preparation)

SPANISH LEVEL 4, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (LWSDU)

This course prepares students for postsecondary studies in Spanish. Students will continue to refine and enhance their listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in the language, with the goal of using these communication skills in a variety of personal, academic, and professional contexts. Using a wide variety of sources, including original texts in the language, students will consolidate their language skills as they use increasingly complex linguistic elements and language conventions. Students will also have opportunities to enrich their knowledge of aspects of culture in regions where Spanish is spoken, including issues related to popular culture, linguistic communities in Canada, literature, history, geography, and the arts.

(Prerequisite: Spanish Level 3, University Preparation)

Physical & Health Education

The underlying goals of the Physical and Health Education program at Metro Prep are:

  • to improve overall fitness and motor development;
  • to increase motivation to be physically active; and
  • to provide an enjoyable, successful experience in exercise and sport.

HEALTHY AND ACTIVE LIVING EDUCATION 9, OPEN (PPL1O)

This course emphasizes students’ daily participation in a variety of enjoyable physical activities that promote lifelong healthy living. Students will learn movement techniques and principles, ways to improve personal fitness and physical competence, and safety/injury-prevention strategies. This course will provide each student with an increased knowledge of the rules and skills required for the following sports: softball, soccer, basketball, volleyball and floor hockey. The rules for each sport will be expanded upon in order that the student may have an increased understanding of the sport. Also, the required physical skills will be further introduced, practiced and used in game situations. The Health component has three major units: The use and abuse of Alcohol and Tobacco and other Drugs; Physical Fitness and Nutrition; and Healthy Sexuality (AIDS and STDs). Each unit will build on previous knowledge from Physical and Health Education 8 and provide each student with more in-depth and extensive information on current issues and topics. Students will participate in activities designed to develop goal-setting, communication and social skills. (Prerequisite: None)

HEALTHY ACTIVE LIVING EDUCATION 10, OPEN (PPL2O)

This course will provide each student with an increased knowledge of the rules and skills required for the following sports: softball, football, soccer, basketball, volleyball and floor hockey. The rules for each sport will be explored in depth in order that the student may have a complete understanding of the regulations and procedures of the sport. Student learning will include the application of movement principles to refine skills; participation in a variety of activities that enhance personal competence, fitness and health. The Health component has three major units: Substance Use and Abuse; Physical Fitness and Healthy Eating; and Healthy Sexuality (AIDS and STDs). Each unit will build on previous knowledge from Healthy Active Living Education 9 and provide each student with more in-depth and extensive information on current issues and topics. Student learning will include the use of informed decision-making, conflict resolution, and social skills in making personal choices. (Prerequisite: None)

HEALTHY ACTIVE LIVING EDUCATION 11, OPEN (PPL3O)

This course focuses on the development of a healthy lifestyle and participation in a variety of enjoyable physical activities that have the potential to engage students' interest throughout their lives. Students will be encouraged to develop personal competence in a variety of movement skills and will be given opportunities to practice goal-setting, decision-making, social, and interpersonal skills. Students will also study the components of healthy relationships, reproductive health, mental health, and personal safety. (Prerequisite: None)

PERSONAL AND FITNESS ACTIVITIES 11, OPEN (PAF3O)

The focus of this course is to develop a healthy active lifestyle through strength training and cardiovascular fitness activities. The students will learn how to develop a safe, personal strength training program based on the latest scientific theories of strength training. The course will be based on the “Vitality” approach to health, which emphasizes, good nutrition, being active and a positive self-image. Students taking this course will be very active in personal fitness activities including weight training, aerobics, and cardiovascular training. (Co-ed) (Prerequisite: None)

EXERCISE SCIENCE 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (PSE4U)

This course focuses on the study of human movement and of systems, factors, and principles involved in human development. Students will learn about the effects of physical activity on health and performance, the evolution of physical activity and sports, and the factors that influence an individual's participation in physical activity. The course prepares students for university programs in physical education, kinesiology, recreation, and sports administration. (Prerequisite: Any Grade 11 university or university / college preparation course in science, or any Grade 11 or 12 open course in health and physical education.)

Sciences

SCIENCE 9, ACADEMIC (SNC1D)

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to relate science to technology, society, and the environment. Throughout the course, students will develop their skills in the processes of scientific investigation. Students will acquire an understanding of scientific theories and conduct investigations related to sustainable ecosystems; atomic and molecular structures and the properties of elements and compounds; the study of the universe and its properties and components; and the principles of electricity. (Prerequisite: None)

SCIENCE 10, ACADEMIC (SNC2D)

This course enables students to enhance their understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and of the interrelationships between science, technology, society, and the environment. Students are also given opportunities to further develop their scientific investigation skills. Students will plan and conduct investigations and develop their understanding of scientific theories related to the connections between cells and systems in animals and plants; chemical reactions, with a particular focus on acid–base reactions; forces that affect climate and climate change; and the interaction of light and matter. (Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied)

BIOLOGY 11, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (SBI3U)

This course furthers students’ understanding of the processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biodiversity; evolution; genetic processes; the structure and function of animals; and the anatomy, growth, and function of plants. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study, and helps students refine skills related to scientific investigation. (Prerequisite: Science 10, Academic)

CHEMISTRY 11, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (SCH3U)

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of the properties of chemicals and chemical bonds; chemical reactions and quantitative relationships in those reactions; solutions and solubility; and atmospheric chemistry and the behaviour of gases. Students will further develop their analytical skills and investigate the qualitative and quantitative properties of matter, as well as the impact of some common chemical reactions on society and the environment. (Prerequisite: Science 10, Academic)

PHYSICS 11, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (SPH3U)

This course develops students' understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will explore kinematics, with an emphasis on linear motion; different kinds of forces; energy transformations; the properties of mechanical waves and sound; and electricity and magnetism. They will enhance their scientific investigation skills as they test laws of physics. In addition, they will analyse the interrelationships between physics and technology, and consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment. (Prerequisite: Science 10, Academic)

BIOLOGY 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (SBI4U)

This course provides students with the opportunity for in- depth study of the concepts and processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biochemistry, metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on the achievement of detailed knowledge and the refinement of skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields. (Prerequisite: Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation)

CHEMISTRY 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (SCH4U)

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, the structure and properties of matter, energy changes and rates of reaction, equilibrium in chemical systems, and electrochemistry. Students will further develop their problem- solving and investigation skills as they investigate chemical processes, and will refine their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in everyday life and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment. (Prerequisite: Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation)

PHYSICS 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (SPH4U)

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of physics concepts and theories. Students will continue their exploration of energy transformations and the forces that affect motion, and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation. Students will also explore the wave nature of light, quantum mechanics, and special relativity. They will further develop their scientific investigation skills, learning, for example, how to analyse, qualitatively and quantitatively, data relating to a variety of physics concepts and principles. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment. (Prerequisite: Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation)

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (SES4U)

This course develops students’ understanding of Earth and its place in the universe. Students will investigate the properties of and forces in the universe and solar system and analyse techniques scientists use to generate knowledge about them. Students will closely examine the materials of Earth, its internal and surficial processes, and its geological history, and will learn how Earth’s systems interact and how they have changed over time. Throughout the course, students will learn how these forces, processes, and materials affect their daily lives. The course draws on biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics in its consideration of geological and astronomical processes that can be observed directly or inferred from other evidence. (Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic)

Technological Education

COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY 10, OPEN (TGJ2O)

This course introduces students to communications technology from a media perspective. Students will work in the areas of TV/video and movie production, radio and audio production, print and graphic communications, photography, and interactive new media and animation. Student projects may include computer-based activities such as creating videos, editing photos, working with audio, cartooning, developing animations, and designing web pages. Students will also develop an awareness of environmental and societal issues related to communications technology, and will explore secondary and postsecondary education and training pathways and career opportunities in the various communications technology fields. (Prerequisite: None)

COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY: BROADCAST AND PRINT PRODUCTION 11, OPEN (TGJ3O)

This course enables students to develop knowledge and skills in the areas of graphic communication, printing and publishing, audio and video production, and broadcast journalism. Students will work both independently and as part of a production team to design and produce media products in a project-driven environment. Practical projects may include the making of signs, yearbooks, video and/or audio productions, newscasts, and documentaries. Students will also develop an awareness of related environmental and societal issues, and will explore secondary and postsecondary education and training pathways and career opportunities in the various communications technology fields. (Prerequisite: None)