Grade 12 Courses

Arts: Visual, Media & Dramatic

DRAMA 12, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (ADA4M)

This course requires students to experiment individually and collaboratively with forms and conventions of both drama and theatre from various cultures and time periods. Students will interpret dramatic literature and other text and media sources while learning about various theories of directing and acting. Students will examine the significance of dramatic arts in various cultures, and will analyse how the knowledge and skills developed in drama are related to their personal skills, social awareness, and goals beyond secondary school. (Prerequisite: Drama, Grade 11, University/College Preparation)

MEDIA ARTS 12, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (ASM4M)

This course emphasizes the refinement of media arts skills through the creation of a thematic body of work by applying traditional and emerging technologies, tools, and techniques such as multimedia, computer animation, installation art, and performance art. Students will develop works that express their views on contemporary issues and will create portfolios suitable for use in either career or postsecondary education applications. Students will critically analyse the role of media artists in shaping audience perceptions of identity, culture, and community values. (Prerequisite: Media Arts, Grade 11, University/College Preparation)

PHOTOGRAPHY 12, UNIVERSITY/ COLLEGE PREPARATION (AWQ4M)

This course expands on the basic theory and techniques taught in the Photography 11 course. Students will refine their technical skills and build on their knowledge of photographic concepts and theories. They will explore both traditional media and new technologies to broaden their understanding of photography as both an art and design medium. Students will analyse the work of photographers from around the world as a means of developing their own photographic work. The majority of the course will focus on producing a personally motivated body of work. (Prerequisite, Photography 11 AWQ3M - students must have a working knowledge of an SLR camera and basic photographic techniques in order to meet the expectations of this course as this is an advanced course)

VISUAL ARTS 12, UNIVERSITY/ COLLEGE PREPARATION (AVI4M)

This course focuses on enabling students to refine their use of the creative process when creating and presenting two- and three-dimensional art works using a variety of traditional and emerging media and technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process to deconstruct art works and explore connections between art and society. The studio program enables students to explore a range of materials, processes, and techniques that can be applied in their own art production. Students will also make connections between various works of art in personal, contemporary, historical, and cultural contexts. (Prerequisite: Visual Arts, Grade 11, University/College Preparation)

Business

FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES 12, UNIVERSITY/ COLLEGE PREPARATION (BAT4M)

This course introduces students to advanced accounting principles that will prepare them for postsecondary studies in business. Students will learn about financial statements for various forms of business ownership and how those statements are interpreted in making business decisions. This course further develops accounting methods for assets and introduces accounting for partnerships, corporations, and sources of financing. (Prerequisite: Financial Accounting Fundamentals 11, University/ College Preparation)

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS FUNDAMENTALS 12, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (BBB4M)

This course provides an overview of the importance of international business and trade in the global economy and explores the factors that influence success in international markets. Students will learn about the techniques and strategies associated with marketing, distribution, and managing international business effectively. This course prepares students for postsecondary programs in business, including international business, marketing and management. (Prerequisite: None)

Canadian & World Studies: Geography

THE ENVIRONMENT AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT 12, UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PREPARATION (CGR4M)

This course explores interactions between the natural and human environment, with a particular focus on the impact of human activity on various ecosystems. Students will explore resource management and sustainability practices, as well as related government policy and international protocols. Applying the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, students will investigate the relationship between people and the natural environment and will propose approaches for developing more sustainable relationships, including environmentally responsible actions that support stewardship. (Prerequisite: Any University, University/College, or College Preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities)

WORLD ISSUES: A GEOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (CGW4U)

This course examines the global challenges of creating a more sustainable and equitable world. Students will explore a range of issues involving environmental, economic, social, and geopolitical interrelationships, and will examine governmental policies related to these issues. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate these complex issues, including their impact on natural and human communities around the world. (Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities)

Canadian & World Studies: History

WORLD HISTORY SINCE THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (CHY4U)

This course traces major developments and events in world history since approximately 1450. Students will explore social, economic, and political changes, the historical roots of contemporary issues, and the role of conflict and cooperation in global interrelationships. They will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, as they investigate key issues and assess societal progress or decline in world history. (Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities)

Canadian & World Studies: Law

CANADIAN AND INTERNATIONAL LAW 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (CLN4U)

This course explores a range of contemporary legal issues and how they are addressed in both Canadian and international law. Students will develop their understanding of the principles of Canadian and international law when exploring rights and freedoms within the context of topics such as religion, security, cyberspace, immigration, crimes against humanity, and environmental protection. Students will apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal inquiry process when investigating these issues in both Canadian and international contexts, and they will develop legal reasoning skills and an understanding of conflict resolution in the area of international law. (Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities. Recommended: Understanding Canadian Law 11, University/College Preparation)


Canadian & World Studies: Politics and Economics

ANALYZING CURRENT ECONOMIC ISSUES 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (CIA4U)

This course examines current national and global economic trends and policies from diverse perspectives. Students will explore the impact of choices that individuals and institutions, including governments, make in responding to local, national, and global economic issues such as globalization and global economic inequalities, trade agreements, national debt, taxation, social spending, and consumer debt. Students will apply the concepts of economic thinking and the economic inquiry process, including economic models, to investigate, and develop informed opinions about, current economic issues and to help them make reasoned economic decisions. (Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities. Recommended: The Individual and the Economy 11, University/College Preparation)

CANADIAN AND WORLD POLITICS 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (CPW4U)

This course explores various perspectives on issues in Canadian and world politics. Students will explore political decision-making and ways in which individuals, stakeholder groups, and various institutions, including different levels of government, multinational corporations, and non-governmental organizations, respond to and work to influence domestic and international developments. Students will apply the concepts of political thinking and the political inquiry process to investigate current political policies, issues, and events, and to develop and communicate informed opinions about them. (Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities)

Classical Studies

CLASSICAL CIVILIZATION 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (LVV4U)

This course allows students to explore the beliefs and achievements of the classical world, which have shaped Western thought and civilization. Students will investigate such aspects of classical culture as its mythology, art, literature, and philosophy, as well as elements of ancient Greek and Latin, through a variety of activities such as dramatizations, audio-visual presentations and discussions. By reading classical authors in English and examining archaeological evidence, students will enhance both their communication skills and their ability to think critically and creatively. (Prerequisite: English 10, Academic or Applied)

Computer Science

COMPUTER SCIENCE 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (ICS4U)

This course enables students to further develop knowledge and skills in computer science. Students will use modular design principles to create complex and fully documented programs, according to industry standards. Student teams will manage a large software development project, from planning through to project review. Students will also analyse algorithms for effectiveness. They will investigate ethical issues in computing and further explore environmental issues, emerging technologies, areas of research in computer science, and careers in the field. (Prerequisite: Introduction to Computer Science 11, University/College Preparation)

English

ENGLISH 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (ENG4U)

This course emphasizes the consolidation of the literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyse a range of challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures; interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts; and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using academic language coherently and confidently, selecting the reading strategies best suited to particular texts and particular purposes for reading, and developing greater control in writing. The course is intended to prepare students for university, college, or the workplace. (Prerequisite: English 11, University Preparation)

English: Optional

ONTARIO SECONDARY SCHOOL LITERACY COURSE 12, OPEN (OLC4O)

This course is designed to help students acquire and demonstrate the cross-curricular literacy skills that are evaluated by the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT). Students who complete the course successfully will meet the provincial literacy requirement for graduation. Students will read a variety of informational, narrative, and graphic texts and will produce a variety of forms of writing, including summaries, information paragraphs, opinion pieces, and news reports. Students will also maintain and manage a portfolio containing a record of their reading experiences and samples of their writing. (Eligibility Requirement: Students who have been eligible to write the OSSLT at least twice and who have been unsuccessful at least once are eligible to take the course.)

THE WRITER'S CRAFT 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (EWC4U)

This course emphasizes knowledge and skills related to the craft of writing. Students will analyse models of effective writing; use a workshop approach to produce a range of works; identify and use techniques required for specialized forms of writing; and identify effective ways to improve the quality of their writing. They will also complete a major paper as part of a creative or analytical independent study project and investigate opportunities for publication and for writing careers. (Prerequisite: English 11, University Preparation)

Humanities & Social Science

CHALLENGE AND CHANGE IN SOCIETY 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (HSB4U)

This course focuses on the use of social science theories, perspectives, and methodologies to investigate and explain shifts in knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviour and their impact on society. Students will critically analyse how and why cultural, social, and behavioural patterns change over time. They will explore the ideas of social theorists and use those ideas to analyse causes of and responses to challenges such as technological change, deviance, and global inequalities. Students will explore ways in which social science research methods can be used to study social change. (Prerequisite: Any University, University/College, or College Preparation course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and World Studies)

FAMILIES IN CANADA 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (HHS4U)

This course enables students to draw on sociological, psychological, and anthropological theories and research to analyse the development of individuals, intimate relationships, and family and parent-child relationships. Students will focus on issues and challenges facing individuals and families in Canada’s diverse society. They will develop analytical tools that enable them to assess various factors affecting families and to consider policies and practices intended to support families in Canada. They will develop the investigative skills required to conduct and communicate the results of research on individuals, intimate relationships, and parent-child relationships. (Prerequisite: Any University, University/College Preparation course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and World Studies)

PHILOSOPHY: QUESTIONS AND THEORIES 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (HZT4U)

This course enables students to acquire an understanding of the nature of philosophy and philosophical reasoning skills and to develop and apply their knowledge and skills while exploring specialized branches of philosophy (the course will cover at least three of the following branches: metaphysics, ethics, epistemology, philosophy of science, social and political philosophy, aesthetics). Students will develop critical thinking and philosophical reasoning skills as they formulate and evaluate arguments related to a variety of philosophical questions and theories. They will also develop research and inquiry skills related to the study and practice of philosophy. (Prerequisite: Any University, University/College Preparation course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and World Studies)

Mathematics

ADVANCED FUNCTIONS 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (MHF4U)

This course extends students’ experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; develop techniques for combining functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended both for students taking the Calculus and Vectors course as a prerequisite for a university program and for those wishing to consolidate their understanding of mathematics before proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs. (Prerequisite: Functions 11, University Preparation, or Mathematics for College Technology 12, College Preparation)

CALCULUS AND VECTORS 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (MCV4U)

This course builds on students’ previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors and representations of lines and planes in three-dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, exponential, rational, and radical functions; and apply these concepts and skills to the modelling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who choose to pursue careers in fields such as science, engineering, economics, and some areas of business, including those students who will be required to take a university-level calculus, linear algebra, or physics course. (Note: Advanced Functions MHF4U must be taken prior to or concurrently with Calculus and Vectors MCV4U)

MATHEMATICS OF DATA MANAGEMENT 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (MDM4U)

This course broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing data. Students will apply methods for organizing and analyzing large amounts of information; solve problems involving probability and statistics; and carry out a culminating investigation that integrates statistical concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. Students planning to enter university programs in business, the social sciences, and the humanities will find this course of particular interest. (Prerequisite: Functions 11, University Preparation, or Functions and Applications 11, University/College Preparation)

Modern Languages

CORE FRENCH 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (FSF4U)

This course provides extensive opportunities for students to speak and interact in French independently. Students will apply language-learning strategies in a wide variety of real- life situations, and will continue to develop their creative and critical thinking skills through responding to and interacting with a variety of oral and written texts. Students will also continue to enrich their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities and to develop the skills necessary for life-long language learning. (Prerequisite: Core French 11, University Preparation)

SPANISH LEVEL 4, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (LWSDU)

This course prepares students for postsecondary studies in Spanish. Students will continue to refine and enhance their listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in the language, with the goal of using these communication skills in a variety of personal, academic, and professional contexts. Using a wide variety of sources, including original texts in the language, students will consolidate their language skills as they use increasingly complex linguistic elements and language conventions. Students will also have opportunities to enrich their knowledge of aspects of culture in regions where Spanish is spoken, including issues related to popular culture, linguistic communities in Canada, literature, history, geography, and the arts. (Prerequisite: Spanish Level 3, University Preparation)

Physical & Health Education

The underlying goals of the Physical and Health Education program at Metro Prep are:

•to improve overall fitness and motor development;
•to increase motivation to be physically active; and
•to provide an enjoyable, successful experience in exercise and sport.

EXERCISE SCIENCE 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (PSE4U)

This course focuses on the study of human movement and of systems, factors, and principles involved in human development. Students will learn about the effects of physical activity on health and performance, the evolution of physical activity and sports, and the factors that influence an individual's participation in physical activity. The course prepares students for university programs in physical education, kinesiology, recreation, and sports administration. (Prerequisite: Any Grade 11 university or university / college preparation course in science, or any Grade 11 or 12 open course in health and physical education.)

Sciences

BIOLOGY 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (SBI4U)

This course provides students with the opportunity for in- depth study of the concepts and processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biochemistry, metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on the achievement of detailed knowledge and the refinement of skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields. (Prerequisite: Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation)

CHEMISTRY 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (SCH4U)

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, the structure and properties of matter, energy changes and rates of reaction, equilibrium in chemical systems, and electrochemistry. Students will further develop their problem- solving and investigation skills as they investigate chemical processes, and will refine their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in everyday life and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment. (Prerequisite: Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation)

PHYSICS 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (SPH4U)

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of physics concepts and theories. Students will continue their exploration of energy transformations and the forces that affect motion, and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation. Students will also explore the wave nature of light, quantum mechanics, and special relativity. They will further develop their scientific investigation skills, learning, for example, how to analyse, qualitatively and quantitatively, data relating to a variety of physics concepts and principles. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment. (Prerequisite: Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation)

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE 12, UNIVERSITY PREPARATION (SES4U)

This course develops students’ understanding of Earth and its place in the universe. Students will investigate the properties of and forces in the universe and solar system and analyse techniques scientists use to generate knowledge about them. Students will closely examine the materials of Earth, its internal and surficial processes, and its geological history, and will learn how Earth’s systems interact and how they have changed over time. Throughout the course, students will learn how these forces, processes, and materials affect their daily lives. The course draws on biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics in its consideration of geological and astronomical processes that can be observed directly or inferred from other evidence. (Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic)